Wednesday, 12 December 2012

The Kurdish Genocide Project

The population of the Kurdish nation is about 40 million. It's currently divided into 4 parts (Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Syria) also 100,000 of Kurds live in Russia, Lebanon and Jordan. Kurd is one of the ancient people of the Middle-East, which have their own language, land, culture and economy without independence. As a result of the war between the Otman empire and Sapawi empire in the war of Chalderan in 1514bc. By the winning of the Otman empire and the loss of the Sapawi empire. As a result of this war, Kurdistan was divided into 2 parts for the first time.

Then after the First World War Kurdistan, was again divided into 4 parts, each part was put into those countries whom was established after the war (Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria).
Since then the Kurds have struggled to rescue and unite all 4 parts and make Kurdistan an independent country. For the sake of this thousands of Kurds were killed, hundreds of villiages and towns were destroyed, the Kurdish language was band and invaded. All produce such as oil, gas and iron was destroyed.
It got to a point were chemical weapons were used by the Iraqi regime which led to the genocide of Kurds where 182,000 innocent civilians were martyred.

Anfal is an arabic word and comes from the Qur'an. The meaning of this word is 'loot', but Anfal from the previous Iraqi regime consisted of a number of military campaigns on the Kurdish areas in Iraq. The military campaigns was completed in 7 stages from 22nd February 1988 until the beginning of September 1988. Many different weapons where used including chemical gases. These campaigns were lead by Ali Hassan Majid (Chemical Ali) who was Saddam Hussein's cousin. As a result of these campaigns 182,000 people including children, women and elderly where buried alive and martyred, 4,500 villages were destroyed, all gardens and forests were burnt and all sources of water were exploded. Thousands of animals were stolen and thousands of birds were killed.
This regime didn't stop there, on 16th March 1988 at 11:30am the Halabja city was bombarded by chemical bombs until 4:30pm. In total 5,000 Kurds were martyred and 10,000 were wounded. The environment around Halabja city was poluted which caused all wildlife to die. Until this day, people die from their wounds and others are busy with their continued treatment.
After the collapse of the previous Iraqi regime and the establishment of the new Iraqi government and parliament as well as the Iraqi high court decided that Anfal was to be known as the Kurdish genocide. In December this year (2012) the Swedish parliament approved of Anfal as genocide. 
I am a student that wants to study International Law, Relations and Politics in university to achieve my main aim which is, to raise peoples awareness of the Anfal tragedy all around the world so that it can be approved of as genocide. The genocide of the Jewish holocaust from the Nazi party in Germany in similar ways is related to Anfal. Also I want the Kurdish people living in Halabja city today to be compensated from what had occurred before, because till this day the current Iraqi regime hasn't compensated them from their loss.

Based on this matter I have carried out a project in Kurdistan where I met with Dr. Maruf Gul, Goran Adham Rahim (current mayor of Halabja city). I met with one of the survivers of the 1988 chemical bombings of the Halabja city when I viewed the Halabja Monument and viewed the Amna Sw museum. All the research for this project was carried out in August 2012.   

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